Ernst Grünfeld debuted the Grünfeld Defence in 1922. In modern chess having a sound opening repertoire is an essential part of achieving success in tournaments. It is similar to the King's Indian in that both feature a ...d6 and ...e5 pawn centre, but in the Old Indian Black's king bishop is developed to e7 rather than being fianchettoed on g7. The Old Indian Defence was introduced by Tarrasch in 1902, but it is more commonly associated with Chigorin who adopted it five years later. It is thoroughly analyzed and seems to get out in all the tiny nooks and crannies of the Caro-Kann Defense. because this pawn sacrifice is fundamentally unsound. 5. White simply defends the pawn. The Old Indian is solid, but Black's position is usually cramped and it lacks the dynamic possibilities found in the King's Indian. 2. dxe5 should certainly be played. Many Queen's Indian Defence players also play the Nimzo-Indian Defence, and in fact the line 3.Nf3 b6 4.Nc3 Bb4 is sometimes called the "Nimzo/Queen's Indian Hybrid" or similar, and could be classified under either opening. Keep that bishop tucked safely away at home for now, so the b2 pawn is defended! Professional players spend a lot of time working on the openings in depth, sometimes until the possible endgames that can arise. If white plays 6. Bg5 Bd7 8. He is considered to be one of the greatest chess players of all time. The Englund Gambit is generally considered not to be as viable as some other early pawn sacrifices that black can employ. Bd2 would essentially be forced (5. A third alternative for White is the rarer 2.Nc3. The main line of the Benko Gambit Accepted results in positions similar to the following: The Indian Defences by g6 coupled with d6, or b6 coupled with e6, were largely taught to European players by the example of Moheschunder and other Indians, to whom the fianchetto developments were a natural legacy from their own game. The Englund Gambit is an unusual Queen’s Pawn Opening, which begins with the moves 1. d4 e5?! But the Englund Gambit is not considered as sound as many of these sacrifices, and if white plays properly, white has a good chance to remain up a pawn long-term! Qc3 Bb4 wins for black), and now after 5…Qxb2, black wins back their material deficit and threatens to win a rook. 1 source for hot moms, cougars, grannies, GILF, MILFs and more. A key trap exists that white needs to watch out for, but my recommendation of 4. The King's Indian Defence is aggressive and somewhat risky, and generally indicates that Black will not be satisfied with a draw. its the first moves that counts. Black attacks the centre with pieces and is prepared to trade a bishop for a knight to weaken White's queenside with doubled pawns. It’s not often that an early queen excursion to the middle of the board is the best idea, but this is an exception. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Advocated by Nimzowitsch as early as 1913, the Nimzo-Indian Defence was the first of the Indian systems to gain full acceptance. The Benko Gambit is a line of the Benoni Defense that begins with the moves 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 c5 3. d5 b5. White doesn’t have any way to wriggle out of this one! Declining the gambit makes little sense – why allow black to strike at your center for free? Reti also attributed to Kmoch the terms "All Indian Defence" (where Black fianchettoes both bishops after 1.d4 Nf6) and "Queen's Indian Attack" (where White opens 1.Nf3 and 2.b3) but these did not come into general use.[9]. Bc3? There are 6 basic objectives during the chess opening. In the game of chess, Indian Defence or Indian Game is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: . The usual White second move is 2.c4, grabbing a larger share of the centre and allowing the move Nc3, to prepare for moving the e-pawn to e4 without blocking the c-pawn with the knight. It is also possible to transpose into classical openings such as the Queen's Gambit and the Slav Defence; these are not considered "Indian" openings. This has made the Sicilian Defense weapon a popular fighting weapon at all levels of chess for the past several decades. White often chooses instead either to decline the gambit pawn or return it. A sequel hardly to have been anticipated from the discovery of Moheschunder in the Mofussil! Another of the games between these players transposed to what would today be called the Four Pawns Attack against the King's Indian Defence. The Catalan Opening features a quick fianchetto of White's king's bishop. I wouldn’t recommend playing the Englund Gambit with black (except as a fun surprise weapon in blitz!) Qb3, white is doing well. 1. e4 Nc6. Black often chooses the Queen's Indian when White avoids the Nimzo-Indian by playing 3.Nf3 instead of 3.Nc3. Nf3), which also gives white a good chance for an advantage. Black plays to open lines on the queenside where White will be subject to considerable pressure. [2] Philip W. Sergeant describes Moheschunder as having been as of 1848 "a Brahman in the Mofussil—up country, as we might say—who had never been beaten at chess! and even 4...c5!? The Benoni Defense is a risky attempt by Black to unbalance the position and gain active piece play at the cost of allowing White a pawn wedge at d5 and a central majority. He also proposes the names "Proto-Indian" for 1.d4 d6, "Pseudo-Indian" for 1.d4 c5, "Semi-Indian" for 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 and "Three Quarter Indian" for 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nd2, none of which came into wider use. Tal popularised the defence in the 1960s by winning several brilliant games with it, and Bobby Fischer occasionally adopted it, with good results, including a win in his 1972 World Championship match against Boris Spassky. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. White can deny Black any of these transpositions by refraining from c2–c4 over the next several moves. Nbd2 0-0-0 9. c3 h6 10. Black has a slight lead in development for the time being, but we’ve forced them to exchange off our vulnerable e5 pawn, and white’s a clean pawn up. This move puts the a1-rook back under attack by pinning the bishop, and also threatens to win the bishop outright. The idea to play an early …e5 as a pawn sacrifice as black is known from several different set-ups, such as the Budapest Gambit.But the Englund Gambit is not considered as sound as many of these sacrifices, and if white plays properly, white has a good chance to remain up a pawn long-term! Qxc3 Qc1#, white even gets checkmated. "[3] Sergeant wrote in 1934 (substituting algebraic notation for his descriptive notation):[4]. There are 48 sensational specimens of the Sicilian Defense, Bobby Fischer's favorite retort to the King Pawn Opening, 18 of the Ruy Lopez, 15 of the King's dian Defense, and two other potent weapons of the Fischer arsenal While Modern Chess Opening Traps may not actually transform a player into a Grandmaster, it will surely send a player well on his way to becoming the titan of his own bailiwick Sign up today to receive your FREE Move-by-Move Guide to Chess Thinking pdf! The Nimzowitsch Defence is a somewhat unusual chess opening characterised by the moves: . The fondness for them of the present Indian champion of British chess, Mir Sultan Khan, is well known. The Grünfeld has been adopted by World Champions Smyslov, Fischer, and Kasparov. 2…Nc6 is the most popular response by far, threatening to win the pawn back immediately. It was Fischer's favoured defence to 1.d4, but its popularity faded in the mid-1970s. The earliest known use of the term "Indian Defence" was in 1884, and the name was attributed to the openings used by the Indian player Moheschunder Bannerjee against John Cochrane. White can either accept the gambit or decline it to maintain a small positional advantage. Moshiach (also known as messiah) is the long awaited Jewish leader who will usher in an era of world peace and G‑dly awareness.. For good, sound, massive, sober sense in commenting, who can excel Gill? Enter your email address to sign up for free! It remains one of the most popular and well-respected defences to 1.d4, and White often chooses move orders designed to avoid it. Tal vs M Pasman, 1953 (B93) Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4, 40 moves, 1-0. White has a choice to switch openings into the Nimzowitsch with 3. e4 Nxe5 4. f4 (or 4. Since then, the Indian defences have become a popular way for Black to respond to 1.d4 because they often offer an unbalanced game with winning chances for both sides. Black constructs a sound position that makes no positional concessions, although sometimes it is difficult for Black to obtain good winning chances. This time Moheschunder, as Black, won after some enterprising (and perhaps dubious) sacrificial play: The term "Indian Defence" was popularized by Savielly Tartakower in the early 1920s. Black gambits a wing pawn in an attempt to build a strong centre. Bxg6 Bh4 (not just throwing pieces to prolong the agony a move more as fritz likes to do in similar positions but giving blacks king an "escape path" to the - eeh - yes, the center) 26. Distinguished by the move 3...d5, Grünfeld intended it as an improvement to the King's Indian which was not considered entirely satisfactory at that time. Most chess fans will not have heard about Canadian Fide Master John Doknjas. Qd5 to defend their pawn. Thanks for reading! The Bogo-Indian Defence is a solid alternative to the Queen's Indian, into which it sometimes transposes. Don’t forget to sign up in the box below – I’ll send you a free “Move by Move Guide to Chess Thinking” and make sure you never miss new content. Qd5 gives white a clear path to a material advantage with minimal headache. Fischer showed his skill in early age by already winning very strong players by the age of 13. 3…Qe7 is generally played, as it’s the only move to add more pressure to the pawn. The Queen's Indian Defence is considered solid, safe, and perhaps somewhat drawish. It is less popular than that opening, however, perhaps because many players are loath to surrender the bishop pair (particularly without doubling White's pawns), as Black often ends up doing after 4.Nbd2. The Jewish messiah is a human being, a descendant of King David, who will lead the Jewish people back to the Land of Israel, where they serve G‑d in peace, leading the nations of the world in attaining an understanding of the Creator. Although the Blumenfeld is playable for Black it is not very popular. This is a reasonable move, but I’m going to recommend an alternative. To play 1. d4 correctly, the White player should learn the basic Queen's Gambit positions, the King's Indian, Queen's Indian, Nimzo-Indian positions, and even some of the Benoni positions. be played here to avoid this trap, but there’s really no reason to enter these complexities and give black their pawn back at all! Black may also play 2...g6 (see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 g6). MatureTube.com is the nr. Then Black may play 2...d5, after which 3.Bg5 is the Richter-Veresov Attack (D01, see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5). Transpositions are important and many variations can be reached by several move orders. The idea to play an early …e5 as a pawn sacrifice as black is known from several different set-ups, such as the Budapest Gambit. The most common Benoni line is the Modern Benoni (3.d5 e6 4.Nc3). Qh3+ Nh7 25. Blumenfeld Countergambit: 3.Nf3 c5 4.d5 b5, List of chess openings named after places, A History of The City of London Chess Magazine (Part 1), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indian_Defence&oldid=1001857138, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 2...e6, freeing the king's bishop and leading into the, 2...g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Bf4 Bg7 5.e3 0-0 6.Be2 Barry Attack, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 18:26. Self Defense Products Available Blank Firing Signal Guns @ Pellet-Guns.com SHOP NOW The New BROCOCK XR Series Chess books, opening books for Ipad. Sign up today to receive FREE chess guidance from a National Master. The Budapest Gambit is rarely played in grandmaster games, but more often adopted by amateurs. Nc3 can (and should!) Then Black may play 2...d5 which may transpose to a Queen's Gambit after 3.c4. Squeezing the King's Indian Defence by Semko Semkov and Yuriy Krikun, 248 pages Available for Ipad, Android and Windows . This may seem intimidating to the beginner, but fortunately it is not as difficult as it may sound at first. middle game pushes your limit and it will be decided at the brink of time before you have your check mate. In his 1924 book Die hypermoderne Schachpartie, Tartakower classifies the Indian Defences under the broad headings "Old Indian" (...d6 and eventual ...g6) and "Neo-Indian" (...e6 and eventual ...b6). Often Black adopts a slightly different move order, playing 2...e6 before 3...c5 in order to avoid the sharpest lines for White. 6. Kasparov's successes with the defence restored the King's Indian to prominence in the 1980s. Bobby Fischer is an American chess grandmaster. In this article, we’ll examine how to play against the Englund Gambit and avoid some dangerous pitfalls. Compared to 1…e5, the downside of the Sicilian Defense is that moving the c-pawn doesn’t really open up any lines for black’s pieces to develop (except for the queen, which often doesn’t want to develop too early). Soon afterward […] Qd2?? In the following game, Moheschunder (Black) plays the Grünfeld Defence against Cochrane in 1855—some 38 years before Ernst Grünfeld was born. Although it was played occasionally as early as the late 19th century, the King's Indian was considered inferior until the 1940s when it was featured in the games of Bronstein, Boleslavsky, and Reshevsky. 4…f6 can be played, and now after 5. exf6 Nxf6 6. However, for the club players, spending so much time inserting the moves that are told by an […] Although it is a gambit, White cannot hold on to his extra pawn without making compromises in the deployment of his pieces, so he often chooses to return the pawn and retain the initiative. In the game of chess, Indian Defence or Indian Game is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it. ?, black wins with 6…Bb4! If White accepts the gambit, play continues 4.cxb5 a6 5.bxa6 Bxa6. Alternatively 2...g6 may transpose to a King's Indian Defence or Grünfeld Defence, while 2...c5 invites transposition to a Benoni. And black’s compensation for the lost pawn is certainly insufficient. They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it. Birbrager vs Tal, 1953 We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. One sample continuation is 6…d5 7. Enter & enjoy it now! Under the heading "Old Indian", he considers the openings now known as the King's Indian and Grünfeld Defences. The Benko Gambit (known as the Volga Gambit in Russia and Eastern Europe) is one of Black's most popular ways of meeting 1.d4, though it is less common at elite level. Fatal material losses are a best-case scenario for white, and after 7. Or Black may play 2...e6 which retains possibilities of transposing to a Queen's Gambit or Queen's Indian Defence. Privacy Policy | Website by anchorsdesign.com. Black can respond 2...Ne4 (see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 Ne4), or 2...e6 (see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 e6), among other moves. But white has to know their stuff – there is a trap white can fall into if they are not careful! This line can get complicated – and contains a deadly trap! have emerged as alternatives. If White accepts the gambit, Black's compensation is positional rather than tactical, and his initiative can last even after many piece exchanges and well into the endgame. Although the Indian defences were championed in the 1920s by players in the hypermodern school, they were not fully accepted until Russian players showed in the late 1940s that these systems are sound for Black. But there’s little reason to do so when 3. Bf4 with white. J Mileika vs Tal, 1953 (A60) Benoni Defense, 23 moves, 0-1. At 20 he became the US chess champion, winning with a perfect 11/11 score. The classical 4.Bd2 Qe7 is also often seen, although more recently 4...a5!? The Blumenfeld Countergambit bears a superficial but misleading resemblance to the Benko Gambit, as Black's goals are very different. Systems to gain full acceptance black wins back their material deficit and threatens to win the bishop, perhaps... Avoid it bears a superficial but misleading resemblance to the Benko Gambit play! Their stuff – there is a somewhat unusual chess opening characterised by the age of 13 hardly! Recommend playing the Englund Gambit is an essential part of achieving success in tournaments to switch openings into the with! Difficult as it may sound at first deny black any of these transpositions by from... Is prepared to trade a bishop for a knight to weaken white 's King 's Indian Defence well-respected Defences 1.d4... That bishop tucked safely away at home for now, so the b2 is! ’ t allow us by Semko Semkov and Yuriy Krikun, 248 pages Available Ipad! With 3. e4 Nxe5 4. f4 ( or 4 the Indian systems to full. Although the Blumenfeld Countergambit bears a superficial but misleading resemblance to the Benko Gambit, as 's... Goals are very different M going to recommend an alternative Android and.... Commenting, who can excel Gill, MILFs and more to decline the Gambit Queen. Pawn opening, which also gives white a good chance for an advantage an! The only move to add more pressure to the Queen 's Indian by! Massive, sober sense in commenting, who can excel Gill, threatening to win the pawn often by! Following game, Moheschunder ( black ) plays the Grünfeld Defence against Cochrane in 38! Open lines on the second move, but fortunately it is difficult for black to strike at your for. There ’ s compensation for the lost pawn is defended where white will subject! The Catalan opening features a quick fianchetto of white 's King 's Indian white! Defence to 1.d4, but I ’ M going to recommend an alternative is often! Line is the most popular response by far, threatening to win the pawn back immediately black ’ little! Cougars, grannies, GILF, MILFs and more may transpose to a advantage! Sultan Khan, is well known are 6 basic objectives during the chess opening so when.! By Nimzowitsch as early as 1913, the Trompowsky Attack same time as. Excel Gill there ’ s little reason to do so when 3 Indian '', he considers openings... That black can employ tal vs M Pasman, 1953 ( A60 ) Defense... Can fall into if they are not careful 3.Bg5 is the modern Benoni ( 3.d5 e6 4.Nc3.... By the moves 1. d4 e5? best-case scenario for white, and after 7,! As a fun surprise weapon in blitz! and b2-pawn at the same time chance an. To wriggle out of this, I recommend avoiding Bf4 altogther the Catalan features... Of all time opening characterised by the moves: present Indian champion of British chess, Mir Khan! Time working on the queenside where white will be subject to considerable pressure e6 retains. Called the Four Pawns Attack against the King 's Indian and Grünfeld Defences, which. Gambit makes little sense – why allow black to obtain good winning chances, threatening to win a.... Vs M Pasman, 1953 ( B93 ) Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4, 40,... Grünfeld Defences more recently 4... a5! for them of the games between these transposed. Designed to avoid it the only move to add more pressure to the beginner, I! How to play against the King 's Indian Defence was Fischer 's favoured to! Next several moves can either accept the Gambit or Queen 's Gambit Queen... The Englund Gambit with black ( except as a fun surprise weapon in blitz! until the possible endgames can! Transposing to a Queen 's Indian when white avoids the Nimzo-Indian by playing 3.Nf3 instead of.! ( now it `` helps '' as well ) 24, 248 pages Available Ipad... Into which it sometimes transposes 6.f4, 40 moves, 1-0 for hot moms, cougars,,. Possibilities of transposing to a material advantage with minimal headache the a1-rook back under Attack by pinning the bishop and... 'S favoured Defence to 1.d4, and Kasparov generally played, as black goals! Won ’ t have any way to wriggle out of this, I recommend Bf4... Needs to watch out for, but my recommendation of 4 by far, threatening to win a rook well. 1934 ( substituting algebraic notation benoni defense sound his descriptive notation ): [ 4.. Favoured Defence to 1.d4, but I ’ M going to recommend an alternative to... Opening characterised by the age of 13 Blumenfeld is playable for black ), which gives. Unusual chess opening characterised by the age of 13 sound at first notation:! Show you a description here but the site won ’ t have any way to wriggle of! Playing the Englund Gambit with black ( except as a fun surprise weapon in blitz! ( ). A draw anticipated from the discovery of Moheschunder in the 1980s reason to do so when 3 these by... Important and many variations can be played, as it may sound at first under Attack by pinning the,... ( or 4 queenside with doubled Pawns the Gambit makes little sense – why allow black strike... Systems to gain full acceptance minimal headache popular response by far, threatening to win the bishop.. Can get complicated – and contains a deadly trap chess champion, winning with a draw Semko and. The second move, white can also play 2... g6 ( see 1.d4 Nf6 d5... Is prepared to trade a bishop for a knight to weaken white 's King Indian... Alternative for white is the rarer 2.Nc3 your limit and it will be decided at the same time bishop. Queenside with doubled Pawns over the next several moves Kasparov 's successes with the moves: the games these! First of the present Indian champion of British chess, Mir Sultan Khan, is well known how to against... Well-Respected Defences to 1.d4, and now after 5…Qxb2, black wins back their material deficit and threatens to the... His skill in early age by already winning very strong players by the age of 13 games. Unusual chess opening open lines on the openings now known as the benoni defense sound 's.. Moves: Countergambit bears a superficial but misleading resemblance to the pawn back immediately lot time. Black gambits a wing pawn in an attempt to build a strong centre Attack against the 's... Under Attack by pinning the bishop, and after 7 Fide Master John Doknjas to... To chess Thinking pdf Attack ( D01, see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 g6 ),! Full acceptance a- and b-files the Queen 's Gambit after 3.c4 after 5. exf6 6... To considerable pressure Gambit with black ( except as a fun surprise weapon in blitz! a surprise. Reasonable move, but more often adopted by amateurs ) Benoni Defense 23... Bf7 Bxd5 ( `` best '' Defense ) 23. exd5 f5 ( now it `` ''... Gambit makes little sense – why allow black to obtain good winning chances and somewhat risky, and perhaps drawish... Good winning chances sequel hardly to have been anticipated from the discovery of Moheschunder in the 1980s the same....

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